Exploring Seeds with Simple Science for Preschoolers

Exploring seeds with preschoolers can be fun and easy with this hands-on activity. Be prepared to get a little messy as you dig into fruits and vegetables to observe the seeds. Enjoy the fun and learning this simple activity provides for kids.

exploring seeds in foods we eat preschool activity

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Have you eaten any foods today that required the removal of seeds before consuming? Were you able to eat some foods whole, seeds and all? 

In this activity we explore seeds in various ways, from comparing size and quantity of seeds in different foods, to identifying the color and texture of the seeds. 

Opportunities to handle foods - washing, peeling and chopping - enrich kids understanding of real-life situations.

As well, hands-on learning in activities like this one with seeds is optimum for engaging kids in ways that promote interest in future exploration and discovery. 

Exploring seeds in foods

Why is exploring seeds a STEAM activity?

Making observations and comparisons, using various utensils, identifying colors and textures - these are all skills that incorporate STEAM principles.

STEAM =Science+Technology+Engineering+Art+Math

Here is how STEAM principles are realized in this activity:

  • Science: observing seeds in foods
  • Technology: using tools to slice and dig
  • Engineering: planning activity, choosing tools
  • Art: naming colors of foods and seeds
  • Math: counting seeds, comparing sizes of seeds

For more fun with kitchen science, take a look at this book in the STEAM KIDS series.

 (affiliate link)

Kitchen STEAM KIDS a fun resource for hands-on learning  activities








Set up your activity


Cut open foods to reveal the seeds



Protect your work area with a drop cloth.

Wash and pat dry fruits and vegetables. 

Cut each food in half to expose the seed(s).

Cut foods on a cutting board, then transfer to a tray for observation and removal of seeds.

Provide child-safe utensils. This plastic knife set is meant for kids to use, but do have an edge. Naturally any play with utensils should be supervised. Choose foods that are easy for kids to slice such as peaches, and assist with cutting other foods such as apples.


 Related: Painting with pepper stems


Explore seeds

Observe seeds before removing them from the food. 

  • Can you easily see the seeds?
  • Can you easily count the seeds?
  • Are they different sizes or colors?
  • Where are they located inside the food?


Match the food to its seeds


Remove the seeds from the foods. 

  • How easy is it to remove the seeds? What utensil did you use?
  • How do they feel?

Compare the size and weight of the seeds.

Identify the different colors and describe the textures.

Match each food to its seed(s).


 Make a graph

Draw a simple graph for sorting seeds.


Draw a simple graph on card stock.

Place seeds on the graph to determine which food has the most seeds and which has the least.


More ideas for discussion:

  • How did you get to the seeds inside the food? (i.e. peel, chop)
  • Can you eat the seeds?
  • Compare foods with seeds to foods without visible seeds. (i.e.  carrot, onion)


Seeds are easy to use in kids activities - they're cheap and plentiful and readily available in foods you have on hand.

Exploring seeds in the foods they eat can prompt kids to ask questions about how foods grow, how they are harvested and stored, and how they reach our dinner table. By exploring and experimenting with a variety of materials, kids strengthen cognitive learning skills as they play. 

Add this simple science to your daily activities for some hands-on fun with STEAM!



Science activities for preschoolers


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